Unitat 29

Short and long vowels

There are 12 different single vowels sounds in English. Some of them are short, and some of them are long. If this sign [:] accompanies the vowel, it means that it is a long sound.

Contingut exercicis

Listen how the different vowels sound on the next video.

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Have a look at the following list to know how vowel sounds can be spelt as well as some examples.

Length Spelling and examples

a:

long

It is always represented by “a”: part, car, dark.

ʌ

short

It is usually represented by “o” and “u”: but, bus, ton.

æ

short

It is always represented by the letter “a”: cat, dad, mash.

e

short

It is usually represented by “e” but often also by “ai” or “ea”: bed, said, bear.

Ɔ:

long

It is usually represented by “o”, “a” “oo”, “aw” or “au”: sort, tall, floor, claws, Paul.

ɒ

short

It is always represented by “o”: clock, not.

i:

long

It is mostly represented by “ee”, but quite often also by “ea” or “e”: fleet, read, equality.

ɪ

short

It is most commonly represented by “i”, but also “e” or final “y”: lid, here, biography.

u:

long

It is most commonly represented by “ew”, “eo”, “ou”, “o” and “oo”: flew, shoe, you, do, too.

Ʊ

short

It is often represented by “u” but also by “oo” or “oul”: pull, look, should.

ɜ:

long

It is usually represented: “ur”, “er”, “or”, “ir”: purse, her, word, bird.

ə

short

It can be represented by any vowel: adore, perhaps, terrible, pilot, colour.
 

Exercici 1

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 2

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 3

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.