Unitat 26

Contractions

We use contractions in everyday speech and informal writing. Contractions, which are sometimes called “short forms”, commonly combine a pronoun or noun and a verb, or a verb and not, in a shorter form. Contractions are usually not appropriate in formal writing.

Contingut exercicis

We make contractions with auxiliary verbs, and also with be and have when they are not auxiliary verbs. When we make a contraction, we commonly put an apostrophe in place of a missing letter.

 

These are the most common contractions and their pronunciation:

Verb Long forms and contractions Pronunciation Negative
 

TO BE

I am → I’m /m/ I am not

I'm not

You are → you’re

also: we’re, they’re

/r/ You are not

You aren't

He is → he’s

also: she’s, it’s

/z/ or /s/ (ɪts) He is not

He isn't

 

TO HAVE

I have → I've

also: you’ve, we’ve, they’ve

/v/ I have not

I haven't

He has → he’s

also: she’s, it’s

/z/ or /s/ (ɪts) He has not

He hasn't

I had → I'd

also: you’d, he’d, she’d, it’d, we’d, they’d

/d/ or /əd/ (ɪtəd) I had not

I hadn't

WILL I will → I’ll

also: you’ll, he’ll, she’ll, it’ll, we’ll, they’ll

/l/ I will not

I won't

WOULD I would → I'd

also: you'd, he'd, she'd, it'd, we'd, they'd

/d/ or /əd/ (ɪtəd) I would

I wouldn't

  • The contraction for “not” is “n't” and it is pronounced /nt/:

are not → aren't /a:nt/ have not → haven't /hævnt/

  • We don’t use more than one contraction since it will be impossible to pronounce:

He’s not free / He isn't free → He’sn’t free (incorrect)

  • Other contractions are:

could have → could've would have → would've should have → should've

cannot → can't must → mustn't need → needn't let us → let's

who is → who's here is → here's that is → that's there is → there's

do not → don't did not → didn't

 

Exercici 1

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 2

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 3

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.