Unitat 36

American versus British English

Contingut exercicis

 
In this unit we are going to study some differences between British and American English, not only connected to vocabulary, but also the way we use the language in certain situations.

British American British American

Autumn

Queue

Biscuit

Petrol station

Ladybird

Café

Pavement

Tap

Loo/ Bathroom

Dustbin

Hood

Holiday

Underground

 

 

Fall

Wait in line

Cookie

Gas station

Ladybug

Diner

Sidewalk

Faucet

Toilet

Trashcan

Bonnet

Vacation

Subway

 

Secondary school

Mobile phone

Lift

City centre

Neighbour

Garden

Cheque

Flat

Boot

Torch

Football

Cloakroom

 

High School

Cell phone

Elevator

Downtown

Neighbor

Yard

Check

Apartment

Trunk

Flashlight

Soccer

Restroom

 

Other important differences we should take into account:

  • Collective nouns. Collective nouns are generally used as singular nouns in American English, and as singular/plural nouns in British English (although the plural form is more commonly used).

   Example:           The team has won the match. (American)

             The team have won the match. (British)

(Other collective nouns: government, company, staff, band, etc.)

 

  • Past forms. Those verbs that accept a regular and irregular past form will be commonly used in American English in its regular form, and in British English in its irregular.

   Example:        I dreamed that you would come. (American)

                   I dreamt that you would come. (British)

(Other regular/irregular verbs: learn, burn, spoil, light, etc.)

 

  • Prepositions. Some prepositions are used differently, or even not used, in British and American English.

   Example:         I want to talk with him. (American)

                    I want to talk to him. (British)

                      

                             I’m going to meet with the director. (American)

                            I’m going to meet the director. (British)

 

Exercici 1

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 2

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 3

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.