Unitat 31

/∂/ in "have to" and "had"

The verb “have” can be both the main verb and the auxiliary verb in a sentence. Its pronunciation depends on its function.

Contingut exercicis

Click on the following links and listen to the sounds:

 

Main verb: the pronunciation of the “a” is /æ/ (strong form).

Auxiliary: the pronunciation of the “a” can be /æ/ (strong form) or /ə/ (weak form) depending on which word in the sentence we stress:

a) In negative and short answers, we use the strong forms of have /hæv/.

b) In affirmative sentences and questions, we stress the main verb in the sentence and we pronounce have with the schwa sound /ə/.

Auxiliary verb

Sound Main verb

Sound

Has she seen Peter?

/ə/

Has she had a nice time?

/æ/

I haven't been to New York

/æ/

I haven't got a car

/æ/

They had had a great time

/ə/

They had had a great time

/æ/

Yes, I have

/æ/

I had a good day

/æ/

Notice that we pronounce have to with a /æ/ in all cases. Since it is pronounced as one word, the final /v/ sound becomes /f/, and we pronounce to with the schwa sound /ə/. Therefore, the phonetic transcription will be /hæf tə/.

For example: We have to read three books this semester. / I have to leave early tonight.

 

Exercici 1

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 2

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 3

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.