Unitat 33

“To be”, “have got”, “can” review

Contingut exercicis

To be

Have got

Can

It is the most important verb in English. It is used as a main verb and as an auxiliary. It is an irregular verb.

 

Present simple: I am, she/he/it is, we/you/they are.

Contractions: I’m, she’s, he’s, it’s, we’re, you’re, they’re.

 

As a main verb, it links the subject with its complement: I am 32. / The ocean is blue. / She’s from London. / Andy is a very nice person.

 

As an auxiliary, it is used in continuous and passive tenses: Albert is studying maths. / They were swimming yesterday morning. / I have been cooking all afternoon. / The lost cat was brought home by a fireman. / The book was written in the 19th century.

Have/has got is used to talk about possessions, personal attributes, scheduled events, illnesses, and abstract ideas.

 

Examples: She’s got a white car. / I’ve got short, black hair. / They’ve got tennis practice at ten am. / He’s at home. / He’s got a cold. / I’ve got a great idea for this afternoon: let’s go to the beach!

Can is used to talk about ability, permission, requests, and possibility.

 

 

Examples: I can swim. / Can I use your umbrella? / Can you make a cup of tea, please? / I think I can help you with this project.

 

 

Negative form: subject + to be + not.

 

Examples: I am from England, I’m from England, I’m not from England. / She is a teacher, She’s a teacher She isn’t a teacher.

 

 

Negative form: have/has not got, and the contracted forms.

 

Examples: She hasn’t got a blue shirt. / I haven’t got money right now.

Negative form: can’t/cannot.

 

 

Examples: He can’t play the piano. / I cannot speak Russian.

Interrogative form: to be + subject + complement.

 

Examples: Are you at home? / Is her apartment big or small?

Interrogative form: have/has + subject + got.

 

Examples: Have you got some water, please? / Has she got the books for today’s lesson?

Interrogative form: can + subject + complement.

 

Examples: Can I open the window, please? / Can she drive a car?

Past form: I/he/she/it was, you/we/you/they were.

 

Examples: They were at the gym yesterday at 10 am. / He was ill all summer.

Past form: had (without got).

 

Examples: I had a motorcycle when I was twenty. / She had three cats when she lived in Los Angeles.

Past form: could.

 

Examples: I couldn’t swim in the ocean. The water was too cold. / We could not (couldn’t) open the window and it was so hot! / Could you hear me when I was talking to you from the other side of the road?

Frequency adverbs: frequency adverbs appear after the verb to be (with other verbs, they appear after the verb).

 

Examples: I am always waiting for my sister to arrive on time. / She usually gets up late.

Have / have got: have is used in American English and have got in British English. Both are correct but if you use have, you need the auxiliary do/does for the negative/interrogative forms.

 

Examples: She has two cats. / Does he have brothers or sisters? / We don’t have exams this week.

We usually use could for requests. It is a more formal way of asking someone to do something.

 

Examples: Could you tell where I can find a candy shop? / Could you close the window? It is quite cold.

 

Exercici 1

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 2

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 3

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.