Unitat 20

Question words review

Contingut exercicis

We use question words (or WH words) to ask certain types of questions. These are the most common:

WH word

Function

Example

Who

Asking about people (subject).

Who called last night? Sheila called.

What

Asking for specific information.

What’s your name? Paul.

Which

Asking about a choice that needs to be made.

Which colour do you prefer? Yellow.

When

Asking about time.

When did your brother move to London? Last summer.

Where

Asking about a place or a location.

Where are you going? To the market.

Why

Asking for a reason or an explanation.

Why do you wear a coat? Because it’s cold.

How

Asking about the manner.

How did you go to Paris? By plane.

Whose

Asking about ownership.

Whose is this car? It’s mine.

Whom

Asking about people (object).

Whom did you call yesterday? I called Hannah.

 

There are other expressions which you can use to ask questions:

Why don’t

Making a suggestion.

Why don’t you go to the cinema with us tonight? Sorry, I can’t. I have to study for an exam.

How far

Asking about distance.

How far is Rome from Barcelona?

How many

Asking about quantity (countable).

How many chairs are in the room? Six.

How much

Asking about quantity (uncountable).

How much money have you left? Ten euros.

How old

Asking about age.

How old are you? Fourteen.

How often

Asking about frequency.

How often do you go to the cinema? Twice a month.

What kind of / what sort of

Asking about details.

What kind of books do you like? Sci-fi.

What time

Asking about time

What time did you went to work this morning? At 8 am.

 

Sentence structure

1) If you ask about the subject, the question word is placed at the beginning of the sentence:

Rob sings at the bar → Who sings at the bar?

 

2) If you ask about the predicate:

  1. If there is an auxiliary verb or the verb “to be”, add the question word at the beginning of the sentence and invert the subject and the auxiliary verb:

He should go to the market → Where should he go?

The film was boring → How was the film?

  1. In other cases, add the auxiliary verb (do/did):

He ate fast food last night → What did he eat last night?

 

Exercici 1

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 2

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 3

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.