Unitat 19

Comparatives and superlatives

Contingut exercicis

We use comparatives to compare differences between objects or people, and the sentence pattern is as follows:

Noun (subject) + verb + comparative adjective (-er) + than + noun (object)

Barcelona is smaller than New York. / Anna runs faster than Oscar.

 

We use superlatives to describe a quality that shows the differences between more than two things, and this quality is at the upper or lower limit. The sentence pattern is as follows:

Noun (subject) + verb + superlative adjective (-est) + noun (object).

That building is the largest one in the city. / Anna ran the fastest in the race.

 

Forming regular comparatives and superlatives

  1. One syllable adjectives:

a) We add -er for the comparative and -est for the superlative: tall - taller -tallest.

b) If the adjective ends with a silent “e”, we only add -r/-st: nice - nicer -nicest.

c) If the adjective ends with a vowel + consonant, the consonant is doubled: big - bigger -biggest.

       2. Two syllable adjectives:

a) If the adjective ends with a “y”, the “y” becomes “i” and we add -er/-est: happy - happier - happiest.

b) If the adjective does not end with “y”, we can either add -er/-est, or use the more than two syllable patterns (more/most: see below). If you doubt, just use the more/most pattern: simple - simpler - simplest; more simple / most

3. More tan two syllable adjectives: we add more before the adjective for the comparative and most for the superlative: important - more important - most important.

Examples: Everest is the highest mountain in the world. / This car is more expensive than a BMW.

 

Irregular comparatives and superlatives

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

little

less

least

much/many

more

most

far (distance)

farther/further

farthest/further

Examples: She plays football better than her brother. / That one is the least interesting book I have ever read. / Yesterday was the most wonderful day I have ever had!

 

Exercici 1

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 2

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.

Exercici 3

Respon a les següents preguntes per avaluar el que has après.